An economic strive for the advancement of knowledge catalyzed the development of a new psychological study method, and facilitated his development into the prominent psychological figure he is today. After graduating as a doctor of medicine from Heidelbergdoctoral advisor Karl Ewald Hasse. There he wrote Contributions to the Theory of Sense Perception — Inhe became Associate Professor for Anthropology and Medical Psychology and published a textbook about human physiology.
He regarded his psychology as a branch of philosophy, an attempt to apply the experimental methods of natural science particularly, the physiology of Helmholtz to essentially philosophical problems concerning the nature of mind and its metaphysical status.
This view of the subject persisted, in Germany, at least until the Nazi era. Although his theoretical system made a place for emotional feelings as one class of element, in practice the main focus of Wundt's experimentally based research program was on the elements of sensation and their compounding into ideas.
As has been the case in the Empiricist philosophical tradition, these ideas were conceived of as, to all intents and purposes, mental images. Thus, Wundtian experimental psychology was largely a study of cognitive processes, and, for him and most of his numerous students and imitatorsthe mental image under the rubric idea played essentially the same crucial, representational role in cognition that it had played for most of his philosophical predecessors.
In his textbook The Principles of Psychology James has much that is insightful to say about psychological processes in general, and about the role of imagery in them in particular, but, although he presented experimental demonstrations in the course of his psychology teaching at Harvard, James had little interest in the actual pursuit of experimental research, and established no graduate teaching program in experimental psychology Fancher, Thus, despite the lucidity of his justly famous text, and the wide readership it has continued to find, his direct influence on the disciplinary development of scientific psychology, even in his native America, probably never equaled that of Wundt or even lesser German pioneers, such as G.
Just around this time, when psychology was the latest intellectual fashion, the American Universities were undergoing a tremendous expansion.
Thus many of these students were able to return from Germany to the United States to found experimental psychology teaching programs of their own. It was because of this, much more than the intellectual influence of James, that the U. Although psychologists of this era have often been portrayed notably by Boring as using an introspective methodology, in fact Wundt, in particular, was very sensitive to standard criticisms of introspection, such as the contention that the very attempt to observe our own mental activities will itself alter them.
He thus limited its use to situations where he was satisfied that the causes of the relevant mental events, the experimental stimuli, could be strictly controlled and the results shown to be replicable, with any introspective reports being made unreflectively, as soon as the relevant content appeared in the mind Mischel, ; Danziger, Wundt's research did not rely upon discursive descriptions of mental contents.Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (born on August 16, – died on August 31, ) was a German physician, physiologist and philosopher widely regarded as the “father of experimental psychology”.
Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from philosophy and biology, was the first person ever to call himself a psychologist.
Jochen Fahrenberg: Wilhelm Wundts Kulturpsychologie (Völkerpsychologie): Eine Psychologische Entwicklungstheorie des Geistes (Wilhelm Wundt's cultural psychology: A psychological theory on the development of mind). Nov 26, · Wilhelm Wundt: Biography of the Father of Scientific Psychology 11 hours ago monty85bat Wundt ( – ) is considered one of the precursors of the science of behavior.
Born, in , the fourth child of Maximilian Wundt and Marie Frederike, Wilhelm Wundt lived much of his childhood at Heidelsheim, located in Baden-Wurttemberg.
His father was a Lutheran minister, and his mother was a homemaker, but his grandfather, Friedrich Peter Wundt, was best known as Professor of Geography and the pastor of Wieblingen.
The biographical profile of Wilhelm Wundt, focusing on his/her contributions to the development of intelligence theory and testing. Often referred to as the "Father of Experimental Psychology" and the "Founder of Modern Psychology" Ideas and Interests.
Wundt established the first laboratory in the world dedicated to experimental psychology. Wilhelm Wundt, (born August 16, , Neckarau, near Mannheim, Baden [Germany]—died August 31, , Grossbothen, Germany), German physiologist and psychologist who is generally acknowledged as the founder of experimental psychology.
Wundt earned a medical degree at the University of .