This section identifies a set of seven principles for effective teaching.
The following small but powerful set of principles can make teaching both more effective and more efficient, by helping us create the conditions that support student learning and minimize the need for revising materials, content, and policies.
While implementing these principles requires a commitment in time and effort, it often saves time and energy later on. Effective teaching involves acquiring relevant knowledge about students and using that knowledge to inform our course design and classroom teaching.
When we teach, we do not just teach the content, we teach students the content. A variety of student characteristics can affect learning. Although we cannot adequately measure all of these characteristics, gathering the most relevant information as early as possible in course planning and continuing to do so during the semester can a inform course design e.
Effective teaching involves aligning the three major components of instruction: Taking the time to do this upfront saves time in the end and leads to a better course.
Teaching is more effective and student learning is enhanced when a we, as instructors, articulate a clear set of learning objectives i. Effective teaching involves articulating explicit expectations regarding learning objectives and policies.
There is amazing variation in what is expected of students across American classrooms and even within a given discipline. For example, what constitutes evidence may differ greatly across courses; what is permissible collaboration in one course could be considered cheating in another.
Thus, being clear about our expectations and communicating them explicitly helps students learn more and perform better. Articulating our learning objectives i. Similarly, being explicit about course policies e. Altogether, being explicit leads to a more productive learning environment for all students.
More information on how clear learning objectives supports students' learning. Coverage is the enemy: Too many topics work against student learning, so it is necessary for us to make decisions — sometimes difficult ones — about what we will and will not include in a course.
This involves a recognizing the parameters of the course e. Effective teaching involves recognizing and overcoming our expert blind spots.
We are not our students! As experts, we tend to access and apply knowledge automatically and unconsciously e. They need instructors to break tasks into component steps, explain connections explicitly, and model processes in detail.
Though it is difficult for experts to do this, we need to identify and explicitly communicate to students the knowledge and skills we take for granted, so that students can see expert thinking in action and practice applying it themselves.
Effective teaching involves adopting appropriate teaching roles to support our learning goals. We can take on a variety of roles in our teaching e.
These roles should be chosen in service of the learning objectives and in support of the instructional activities. For example, if the objective is for students to be able to analyze arguments from a case or written text, the most productive instructor role might be to frame, guide and moderate a discussion.It's important to understand the five principles of teaching adults.
The teacher of adults has a different job from the one who teaches children. 5 Principles for the Teacher of Adults Share Flipboard Email Print Tom Merton / Getty Images For Educators They trust their feelings and emotions about what they’re learning and how you’re. Learning theories are an organized set of principles explaining how individuals acquire, retain, and recall knowledge.
By studying and knowing the different learning theories, we can better understand how learning occurs.
Rule 6A, Florida Administrative Code, Principles of Professional Conduct for the Education Profession in Florida. (1) Florida educators shall be guided by the following ethical principles. Principles of learning - key concepts from the cognitive and educational research literatures and presents a set of principles on how people learn.
Basic Principles of Learning for Classroom Teaching Organizing Concepts of Learning from Educational Psychology. William G. Huitt. Citation: Huitt, W. (). Over the past century, educational psychologists and researchers have posited many theories to principles of learning.
The general goal was to students may also be fined for breaking the rules or engaging in undesirable behavior.