Dred Scott case[ edit ] Two days after Buchanan's inauguration, Chief Justice Taney delivered the Dred Scott decisionasserting that Congress had no constitutional power to exclude slavery in the territories. When the decision was issued two days later, Republicans began spreading word that Taney had revealed to Buchanan the forthcoming result. Buchanan had hoped that the Dred Scott decision would destroy the Republican platform, but outraged northerners denounced the decision. While the South escaped largely unscathed, northern cities experienced drastic increases in unemployment.
Edit None of the three candidates took to the stump. Democrats counter-crusaded by warning that a Republican victory would bring civil war. The Republican platform opposed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise through the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the policy of popular sovereignty in deciding whether a state would enter the Union as a free or slave state.
The Republicans also accused the Pierce administration of allowing a fraudulent territorial government to be imposed upon the citizens of the Kansas Territory, allowing the violence that had raged in Bleeding Kansas, and advocated the immediate admittance of Kansas as a free state.
Along with opposing the spread of slavery into the continental territories of the United States the party also opposed the Ostend Manifesto which advocated the annexation of Cuba from Spain. The Democratic platform supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the system of popular sovereignty established in the Western territories.
The party supported the pro-slavery territorial legislature elected in Kansas, opposing the free state elements within Kansas and castigated the Topeka Constitution as an illegal document written during an illegal convention. The Democrats also supported the plan to annex Cuba, advocated in the Ostend Manifesto, which Buchanan helped devise while serving as minister to Britain.
The most influential aspect of the Democratic campaign was a warning that a Republican victory would lead to the secession of numerous southern states.
The campaign had a different nature in the free states from that in the slave states.
That translated into an electoral vote margin of in favor of Fremont. In the South, however, the campaign was strictly a Buchanan vs. However, it was not enough to put Buchanan over the top, with only of a required electoral votes.
House of Representatives Edit The election was just as indecisive in the House as it was during the normal election. None of the candidates received the required number of votes, with Representatives splitting along party lines. Democrats and Southerners though of Fremont as a northern radical, and refused to endorse him, citing secession as the only possible resolution to his victory.
At the same time, Buchanan was seen by many as a puppet of the Southerners, and were against the Democratic platform as a whole. Eventually, the Compromise of solved the issue, with Millard Fillmore being elected.Presidential campaign between James Buchanan, John C. Fremont and Millard Fillmore.
Campaign was frenzied, but each side was trying to run a candidate that was not . Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (), 35th president of the United States (). Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, , the second son of financier Joseph P. Kennedy, who served as ambassador to Great Britain during the administration of Franklin D.
Roosevelt. Match each figure with their role in the A. John C. Fremont B. Millard Fillmore C. Stephen A.
Douglas. President James buchanan declined to use force to keep the South in the Union for all of the following reasons except. Most Italian immigrants to the United States between . Opposing the American Party as the heir apparent to the Whig Party, he gave his support to James Buchanan in the presidential election of Clay's support did much to clear Buchanan of the charge of duplicity over the George Kremer scandal involving Henry Clay.
Breckinridge: John C. Breckinridge, Buchanan, James; Breckinridge, John C. National Democratic ticket for the presidential election of , listing candidates James Buchanan and John C.
Breckinridge. United States presidential election of Campaign and results. John M. Clayton: United States Senator from Pennsylvania; In office December 6, – March 5, Presidential election of Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. James Buchanan: A Resource Guide from the Library of Congress;.