Conducted by London consulting firm Credo, the study sought to calculate the "economic cost" of inefficient transport to the economies of 35 cities, as well as the economic benefits of investing in transport. It derived the cost of commuting using factors such as journey time, fares, crowding levels, and ease of using the network.
View gallery - 17 images Public transport systems offer many advantages over the personal alternatives when it comes to getting large numbers of people from A to B in style and safety - less congestion, less pollution and lower costs for starters.
But while we certainly see plenty of impetus on the personal transport front here at Gizmag, fresh concepts for the future of mass transport don't seem to enjoy the same level of exposure, despite the fact that many cities around the world are still saddled with public transport infrastructure that's been in place for over a century.
There are some radical plans in the works, however, and the 21st Century will undoubtedly bring with it a raft of people moving projects that redefine our notion of public transport. So just what will be pulling into the station in 50 years time?
Read on for our pick of the most tantalizing concepts out there. Superconducting vacuum trains While fast, frictionless maglev train systems have been operational for decades, they haven't exactly become ubiquitous - perhaps because of the cost of the systems, or perhaps because there is no compelling need to replace the already widespread and workable conventional railway infrastructure.
Either way, the idea is not about to fade from our collective imagination and several maglev of the future concepts have been floated. The proponents of this system say that ET3 could be 50 times more efficient than electric cars or trains.
Terraspan goes even further than ultra-efficient mass transport with its vision for a network of superconducting tunnels.
As well as providing infrastructure for "Terraspan trains," this network would also facilitate zero loss transmission of electricity to our homes.
String theory Another high-speed rail concept that aims to present an alternative to conventional systems without the astronomical price tag is Anatoly Unitsky's String Transport System.
The concept is based on the use of what look like heavy-duty above ground electrical wires, but instead of carrying power, these high-tension wires become the support for carriages. Reversing roles Taking the above ground rail concept further and then turning it on its head is Robert C.
Because the design would cause minimal disruption to existing infrastructure and the technology is readily available, Tubular Rail estimates that construction costs could be 60 percent less than conventional urban train networks.
Sharing the street This is definitely one of the most interesting public transportation concepts we've encountered over the years when it comes to reducing urban congestion, while making use of existing infrastructure.
The " straddling bus " would roll on stilts above traffic using small tracks positioned between lanes of traffic while passengers get on and off at elevated bus stops. Human-powered mass transport Another outside-the-box approach to transport that deserves a place in our top 10 is the Shweeb.
This human powered monorail system uses bicycle pods suspended from tracks to create a very efficient option for getting from A to B. The idea is not limited to adventure parks though.
High-speed, alternative energy The quest for more efficient transport systems doesn't necessarily have to come at the cost of speed.
While on the subject, solar isn't the only alternative energy being considered for powering train networks. The T-Box envisions turbines incorporated into tracks that could be used to harness wind energy from the train as it whooshes overhead.
Power from the road While contactless systems that allow personal electric vehicles to recharge on the go are gathering momentum, these systems also hold potential for making mass transportation greener and more efficient. A real-world example of this technology has already been demonstrated in the form of a trackless "train" developed by researchers at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology KAIST.
So why not just charge the electric train at the socket? The advantage here is that the vehicle can operate with a battery that's one-fifth of the the size of batteries installed in electric vehicles currently on the market. While this means gains in efficiency, this needs to be weighed against the loss in efficiency caused by contactless charging, which in the KAIST experiment peaked at 74 percent.
KAIST hopes to commercialize this technology within the next few years. Ditching the driver These days we think of road and rail transport as completely different things, but this distinction is set to become a little muddy as technology marches towards One of the benefits of public transport in general is that it avoids the inherent chaos of personal transport where the decisions are made by individual drivers.
The system retains the flexibility of purely private transport i. This best of both world's idea sits in the "very near future" category - a European project dubbed SARTRE Safe Road Trains for the Environment project has been in progress since and was recently successfully demonstrated on public roads for the first time.
Orbital Maglev Some future transport concepts have loftier goals that just getting us to the station on time.We've put together a top 10 list of public transportation systems in the world to give you an idea of what cities have the best mass transit available to the working public. To find cities with the best transit systems, SmartAsset looked at U.S.
Census Bureau data on the use of public transportation in every U.S. city with a population of more than , people ( cities total).
World Bank Toolkit for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) for Urban Passenger Transport - Online tool providing guidance in the planning, design, implementation and evaluation of an ITS program. The online resource includes sections on fare collection and case studies as well as a downloadable Handbook and Companion Guide.
The Northernmost Transport Systems In The World. The Alert Airport is regarded as the northernmost airport in the world.
Editorial credit: Fasttailwind / regardbouddhiste.com A landing at Svalbard Airport. The Top 10 Best Public Transit Systems in the World; Most Popular.
The World. UK Public Transport Information x Covering all travel by rail, air, coach, bus, ferry, metro and tram within the UK, (including the Channel Islands, Isle of Man and . In speaking with riders on bus lines around the world, we are always impressed with the thoughtful responses they give when asked about ways to improve public transport.