Roman lettering using 'rustic capitals' How to write Roman rustic capitals This page teaches you a form of Roman writing which is useful for all sorts of headings, titles or even short passages of prose.
In general the Romans did not use the traditional Semitic -derived names as in Roman writing alphabet This scheme has continued to be used by most modern European languages that have adopted the Latin alphabet.
For the Latin sounds represented by the various letters see Latin spelling and pronunciation ; for the names of the letters in English see English alphabet. Diacritics were not regularly used, but they did occur sometimes, the most common being the apex used to mark long vowelswhich had previously sometimes been written doubled.
However, in place of taking an apex, the letter i was written taller: The primary mark of punctuation was the interpunctwhich was used as a word dividerthough it fell out of use after AD. Old Roman cursive script, also called majuscule cursive and capitalis cursive, was the everyday form of handwriting used for writing letters, by merchants writing business accounts, by schoolchildren learning the Latin alphabet, and even emperors issuing commands.
A more formal style of writing was based on Roman square capitalsbut cursive was used for quicker, informal writing. It was most commonly used from about the 1st century BC to the 3rd century, but it probably existed earlier than that.
It led to Unciala majuscule script commonly used from the 3rd to 8th centuries AD by Latin and Greek scribes. This script evolved into the medieval scripts known as Merovingian and Carolingian minuscule. Medieval and later developments[ edit ] De chalcographiae inventioneMainz with the 23 letters.
JU and W are missing. Jeton from Nurembergca. Prior to that, the former had been merely allographs of the latter. Early deviations from the classical forms were the uncial scripta development of the Old Roman cursiveand various so-called minuscule scripts that developed from New Roman cursiveof which the Carolingian minuscule was the most influential, introducing the lower case forms of the letters, as well as other writing conventions that have since become standard.
The languages that use the Latin script today generally use capital letters to begin paragraphs and sentences and proper nouns. The rules for capitalization have changed over time, and different languages have varied in their rules for capitalization.
Old Englishfor example, was rarely written with even proper nouns capitalized, whereas Modern English writers and printers of the 17th and 18th century frequently capitalized most and sometimes all nouns,  which is still systematically done in Modern Germane.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Spread[ edit ] This map shows the countries in the world that use only language s predominantly written in a Latin alphabet as the official or de facto official national language s in dark green.
The lighter green indicates the countries that use a language predominantly written in a Latin alphabet as a co-official language at the national level. Spread of the Latin script The Latin alphabet spread, along with the Latin languagefrom the Italian Peninsula to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire.
The eastern half of the Empire, including GreeceTurkeythe Levantand Egyptcontinued to use Greek as a lingua francabut Latin was widely spoken in the western half, and as the western Romance languages evolved out of Latin, they continued to use and adapt the Latin alphabet.
With the spread of Western Christianity during the Middle Agesthe script was gradually adopted by the peoples of northern Europe who spoke Celtic languages displacing the Ogham alphabet or Germanic languages displacing earlier Runic alphabetsBaltic languagesas well as by the speakers of several Uralic languagesmost notably HungarianFinnish and Estonian.The main difference between the Roman alphabet and our alphabet is that in the old Roman alphabet C and G were not distinguished, and neither were I and J, and neither were U, V and W.
So in other words, your students won't see G, J, U or W in this alphabet. The classical Latin alphabet, also known as the Roman alphabet, is a writing system that evolved from the visually similar Cumaean Greek version of the Greek regardbouddhiste.com Greek alphabet, including the Cumaean version, descended from the Phoenician abjad while The Phoenician alphabet is derived from Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Writing was a useful tool for the ancient Romans - the written word could communicate ideas to the people of Rome and to Roman subjects throughout the Empire. Only a fraction of the huge number of texts written by the Romans have survived. The Latin, or Roman, alphabet was originally adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC to write Latin.
Since then it has had many different forms, and been adapted to write many other languages. According to Roman legend, the Cimmerian Sibyl, Carmenta, created the Latin alphabet.
The Roman Alphabet Our alphabet that we use has gone though many changes of many many years before it looked like the alphabet that we have now. If you look at the picture below, you will see the changes that this alphabet went though it started with the phenitions and then was used by different cultures.
The classical Latin alphabet, also known as the Roman alphabet, is a writing system that evolved from the visually similar Cumaean Greek version of the Greek regardbouddhiste.com Greek alphabet, including the Cumaean version, descended from the Phoenician abjad while The Phoenician alphabet is derived from Egyptian hieroglyphics.