Family life in the south before the civil war

All 13 colonies legalized slavery at the beginning of America's War of Independence in By the time the nation's Constitution was ratified 13 years later; five states had abolished the practice. A Southern Plantation from a contemporary illustration In the late 18th century the slaves of the South fueled an economic engine based on tobacco. After years of over-planting and subsequent depletion of the soil's nutrients, the tobacco fields were becoming less productive and less profitable.

Family life in the south before the civil war

Civil War Culture - HISTORY Life during the s in America was already difficult for many people. Of course there were rich factory owners in the North and plantation owners in the South, but the average farmer and his family worked extremely hard just to survive.
Life on a Southern Plantation, Service in the Confederate Army pulled men away from their homes for years at a time and appeared to threaten their culturally prescribed duty to protect and provide for their families. As one Virginia soldier put it, his duty in the war encompassed "the defense of our country, our liberty and the protection of our parents, wives, and children, and all that is dear to a man.
Family Life during the Civil War You are leaving the Ancestry website. Citizens in the 23 northern states loyal to the Union took his words to heart and threw themselves into the war effort.

The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War ofalthough some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in to the beginning of the Civil War.

It was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of slavery. The annexation of new territory and western expansion saw the reinforcement of American individualism and of Manifest Destiny, the idea that Americans and the institutions of the U.

The Cotton Economy In The South In the South, cotton plantations were very profitable, at least until overplanting leached most of the nutrients from the soil. Plantation owners were able to obtain large tracts of land for little money, particularly after the Indian Removal Act was passed in These plantations depended on a large force of slave labor to cultivate and harvest the crop—most white farmers in the 19th century wanted and were able to obtain their own farms as the U.

The demand for slave labor and the U. As the quality of land decreased from over-cultivation, slave owners increasingly found that the majority of their wealth existed in the form of their slaves; they began looking to new lands in Texas and further west, as well as in the Caribbean and Central America, as places where they might expand their holdings and continue their way of life.

Family life in the south before the civil war

Early Industrialization and the Rise in Manufacturing in the North The early industrial revolution began with textile industry in New England, which was revolutionized by Samuel Slater.

Inthe horse-powered Beverly Cotton Manufactory had begun operating in Beverly, Massachusetts; inSlater opened the first fully mechanized mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. His system of independent mills and mill towns spread through the Blackstone Valley into Massachusetts.

The Waltham system also included specialized, trained employees to run the looms—mainly young women—giving rise to the concept of wage labor, which gradually began overtaking previous forms of labor, such as apprenticeship and indentured servitude, family labor, and slavery in industrialized areas.

A population shift from farms to cities had already begun, but the promise of better income in factory jobs accelerated that movement. Manufacturing advances were not limited to the textile industry alone. Similar advances occurred in other industries, including the manufacture of equipment, machinery, furniture, paints, paper, and glass.

Family life in the south before the civil war

Every part of American industry and production was affected. Penny Press and Affordable Newspapers Among the areas benefitting from advances in technology was the printing business, in particular, the printing of newspapers. Most newspapers in the early 19th century cost six cents a copy and were affordable only to the upper classes, though a barter system often allowed readers to trade rags, whiskey or other goods for a subscription.

InAmerican Richard M. Hoe made a further improvement with the rotary printing press, which arranged the material to be printed on a cylinder rather than a flat plate, allowing a much larger volumes of material to be printed—millions of copies in a day rather than thousands—at a lower cost.

These advances led to a rise in the number of newspapers published, with more available at prices affordable to the working class—byabout 3, newspapers were published in the U. Papers were often read aloud in homes, bringing news of the government, politics, and local events.

Significant speeches were sometimes printed in their entirety, giving politicians and social activists a much wider audience.

Kids History: Daily Life During the Civil War

Stories from one newspaper might be reprinted in others, sometimes with local commentary or editorial rebuttals added.Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners.

Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in. Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in.

Civil War culture in America–both North and South–was greatly distinct from life in the antebellum years. As the war dragged on, the soldier’s life was one of near-constant hardship and deprivation, from substandard clothing and equipment to barely edible and usually insufficient rations.

Life in the North and South – Before Brother Fought Brother. More Americans lost their lives in the Civil War than in any other conflict. How did the United States arrive at a point at which the South seceded and some families were so fractured that brother .

Family Life during the Civil War. Contributed by Amy Murrell Taylor. Family life in Virginia and across the South suffered devastating effects during the American Civil War (–). Few households, whether slave or free, or located in the Tidewater, Piedmont, or mountainous Southwest, could remain insulated from a war fought on their lands and in their towns.

Family Life during the Civil War. Contributed by Amy Murrell Taylor. Family life in Virginia and across the South suffered devastating effects during the American Civil War (–). Few households, whether slave or free, or located in the Tidewater, Piedmont, or mountainous Southwest, could remain insulated from a war fought on their lands and in their towns.

How was life in the South before the Civil War? | Socratic