Economic Social The cultures or societies that people live in, along with the type of contact that individuals have with one another social factorsinfluence food choices. The importance of beliefs, traditions and taboos was discussed earlier in this chapter and we have observed that the media, as part of everyday life, influence us to make certain food choices. The type of lifestyle, job and education, size of the family and the importance of hospitality within the social group are also important when we make food choices.
Factors Influencing Food Choices Food choice is never a simple process because so many factors go into determining what people choose to eat in different parts of the world.
You may think that people choose a specific food just because they like it, but that is not always the case. There are many other factors influencing food choices other than the smell, taste, or appearance of the food. How difficult it is to obtain a particular type of food also plays a big role in making food choices.
Keep reading to discover more about it. Factors Influencing Food Choices As mentioned, you do not just select food because you like the taste, but there are other factors that will influence your food choices,such as the following.
Starvation If you skip meals often and eat fewer calories, this will make you hungry, which will have a direct impact on your food choices. In ancient times, people would hunt for food just to survive. It means that if you are experiencing "starvation", you may decide to eat food that contains many protein, fat, calories, and carbs.
For instance, if you skip breakfast, you may tend to eat a juicy cheeseburger rather than soup for lunch. In other words, intense hunger is among the most important factors influencing food choices. Palatability It is quite natural to opt for food that you know tastes nice.
Smell, taste, texture, appearance, and your previous experience with the food will affect the palatability, which in turn will influence your food choices.
Your previous experience plays a great role here. For instance, you may not want to eat something that may have given you food poisoning in the past.
Visually pleasing foods are always going to appeal more — you may feel more attracted toward strawberries drizzled with chocolate than a carrot or grapefruit. Nutrition How nutritious a particular food is will have an impact on food choices.
People are more calorie conscious than ever, and agree that they make choices considering calorie content of specific food.
Families What you see your family eat from your childhood will have a huge impact on food choices you make later in your life. If you have been raised in a family with Italian heritage, you may continue to like pasta throughout your life.
Similarly, you may not like fruits and veggies if they have not been readily available in your family. Environment Where you live and work will also have an impact on your food choice. You are probably going to make healthy food choices if you live closer to health food stores.
On the other hand, you may be more into highly processed foods if you do not have easy access to nutritious food. Economics The cost of food is among the most important factors influencing food choices.
Even if you want to eat certain type of food, you may avoid it if it disturbs your budget. In a study, the sales of fruits increased by four times when high school cafeterias cut their prices in half.
Research also shows that lower-income individuals are more likely to consider the cost of food when making food choices. Emotion What you eat influences your mood, but it is also the other way round.
It means that you are likely to eat different things when you are feeling different emotions. You may even have an emotional connection with certain type of food that often serves as a source of comfort when you are distress or sad.
It means conditions, such as stress, depression, and anxiety have a big role to play in food choices. These emotions may not just have an impact on what you eat but they will also influence how much you eat.
Cultural Background Your cultural background will also have an impact on food preparation and diet choices. Research shows that beliefs, traditions, and values are some of the most important factors influencing food choices.
They also affect nutritional status and mode of food preparation. It is due to this fact that a Chinese-American is going to make very different food choices as compared a Mexican-American. Muslims, Jews, and even Christians eat food but do not eat pork, whereas Hindus do not eat beef. Education, Knowledge, and Skill You are likely to make healthy food choices if you have knowledge and education about nutrients in different food.In discussing factors that affect food choice, For many people, a food is now considered to be available only when it can be acquired in a few minutes or is ready to eat at any time of the day or night at a nearby location.
leading to behavior change (Farquhar, a,b). Although these data will contribute to evaluating the overall. Evaluating the Impact of Menu Labeling on Food Choices and Intake Christina A.
Roberto, MS, Peter D. Larsen, MPhil, Henry Agnew, BA, Jenny Baik, BA, and Kelly D. Brownell, PhD The authors are with the Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT. Many factors work to define a group's culture: environment, economics, access to food, lifestyle, traditions, and religious beliefs.
As people from other cultures immigrate to new lands, they adopt new behaviors consistent with their new homes. Given the priority for population dietary change there is a need for a greater understanding of the determinants that affect food choice. This review examines the major influences on food choice with a focus on those that are amenable to change and discusses some successful interventions.
Factors in food choice In the winning undergraduate entry for our student writer competition, Gaby Pfeifer examines the relationship between sensory stimulation and savoir-vivre Consumption of food is a universal and necessary act, and a variety of factors influence its selective choice.
Good food choices can reduce the chance of developing chronic diseases. TRUE Heart disease deaths have fallen substantially and the number of overweight people has declined based on evaluation of the nation's progress toward achieving national health objectives.