The subject of the study was the Junior students selected randomly from secondary schools Ebonyi in Urban. Data collected from the test scores of the students after the teaching-learning situations using instructional materials and without the use of instructional materials in teaching process. However, in the area of research findings, the researcher discovered that on comparism of the academic performance of students taught with the use of instructional materials and that group taught with the of instructional materials and that group taught without the use of instructional materials, the group taught withy the use of instructional materials and that group taught without the use of instructional materials performed better than the latter group. The researcher also found out, that the use of instructional materials in teaching-learning process arouse students interest.
Instructional materials are the devices developed or acquired to assist or facilitate teachers in transmitting an organized knowledge, skills and attitudes to the learners within an instructional situation Nwachukwu, To be precise, an instructional material are educational resources used for illustrating the content of instruction, thereby making learning more concrete and less abstract.
The sequence in which learners encounter materials has direct effect on the achievement of the task. In providing closer experience to real situation, instructional material enhances acquisition and retention of factual information.
Instructional material not only provide the necessary concrete experience but also help students integrate prior experience.
Yusuf, Ajidagba and Jekayinfa observed that utilization of instructional materials help teachers to teach conveniently and the learners to learn easily without any problem. They asserted that instructional materials have direct contact with all sense organs.
According to Aboladethe advantages of instructional materials are that they are cheaper to produce, useful in teaching large number of students at a time, encourage learners to pay proper attention and enhance their interest. However, Akinleye attested that effective teaching and learning requires a teacher to teach the students with instructional materials and use practical activities to make learning more vivid, logical, realistic and pragmatic.
Esu, Enukoha and Umoren agreed that instructional materials are indispensable to the effective teaching and learning activities. Ekpo also supported that teaching aids are always useful in supporting the sense organs. Despite the fact that instructional materials are essential tools that can make learning practical and knowledge acquisition easier, they are not readily available in Nigerian secondary schools leading to low level of performance of students in government examinations Abdu-Raheem According to Josua in Abiodun-Oyebanji and Aduinstructional materials are all things that are used to support, facilitate, influence or encourage acquisition of knowledge, competency and skills.
Riveire noted that improvisation is a valuable teaching tool. Oso also agreed that the best way for teachers to make use of their manipulative skills is to improvise so as to achieve their lesson objectives at least to a reasonable extent. Jekayinfa also identified the importance of improvisation of instructional materials as making learning concrete and real, substitutes one thing for another, allows the students to participate in the production of materials, economical and more teacher-student resource oriented.
Abdu-Raheem submitted that improvisation of locally made teaching aids could assist to improve quality of graduates turn out from schools and standard of education generally.
Abdu-Raheem and Oluwagbohunmi also corroborated the idea that resourceful and skillful teachers should improvise necessary instructional materials to promote academic standard in Nigerian schools.
Accounting is a discipline which is concerned with the process of collecting, recording, presenting and analysing of financial information in a summarized form for the users of financial statement.
Accounting is concerned with the use to which the book keeping are put, the analysis and interpretation. The keeping of accounting books is essentially an art and the aims of those who study the subject are essentially utilitarian.
An accountant must not only be interested in record keeping but also in the application of his professional competence, knowledge and dexterity in presenting accounting information to assist management and other users of accounting information in their respective decision making Financial accounting is one of the subjects offered in the senior secondary school in Nigeria, it is among the subjects taken in West African Senior School Certificate Examination and National Examination Council School Certificate Examinations.
According to WAEC financial accounting is the most popular subject that students offer among the vocational elective subjects.
This subject equips the recipients with the competency needed to keep basic accounting records. Many students register this subject in secondary Schools but unfortunately they perform poorly in external examinations.
In the yearout of that enrolled for financial accounting, only representing a percentage of In the yearout of that sat for the examination, only representing a percentage of The performance of students in financial accounting in fell below the level and fluctuated over the 3-year period Okon The drop in the performance level of financial accounting calls for a review of current strategies in the teaching and learning of the subject.
The traditional methods of teaching financial accounting such as the discussion method, demonstration method, Socratic Method and project methods have been used but failed to impact the necessary knowledge and skills comprehensively.
Okon equally believes that these traditional methods are not challenging enough to the needs of the students. Considering the fact that financial accounting processes are more of practical which involved the active participation of every members of an instructional process to ensure that the whole processes is maximized.
In this study, instructional material utilization is the main focus in order to unveil their effects on the academic performance of secondary school students in financial accounting.
Statement of Problem Most financial accounting teachers are not well grounded in the use of and selection of a viable instructional material and as such the teaching and learning of financial accounting has not been optimal.
The poor performance of students in financial accounting is evident in the overall results of students in such examinations as the General Certificate in Education G.
Many teaching methods and approaches have been introduced but could not improve the achievement of students in financial accounting. Teachers teach the subject matter in abstraction thereby making it comprehensive and arduous task for learners and this has militated against the maximization of academic performance.
Also, teachers are not conversant with the current trend in education in relation to the teaching and learning of financial account. In developed nations, financial accounting in colleges is taught using practical processes involving the use of computer and its programmes such as Microsoft Excel.
Researcher Questions The following research questions guide the conduct of the study. What is the impact of instructional materials on academic performance of students in financial accounting?
Does the competence of teachers affect the selection of an instructional materials for the teaching of financial accounting? Is there any difference between the academic performance of students taught with instructional materials and those taught without instructional materials in financial accounting?Effects Of Instructional Material On Academic Performace Of Students Consequently, the broad goals of secondary education are geared to prepare the individual for useful living within the society and to progress to higher education .
The study examined the effect of using standard instructional materials and improvised instructional materials on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in . Impact of Instructional Materials on Students With instructional material 60 Effects of Instructional Materials on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Mathematics in Ekiti State.
J. Res. Develop. Educ. 9: Adelusi OT, Effects of Instructional Materials on Students. Determine the effect of instructional material on the academic performance of students in financial accounting. 2. Determine if the competence of teacher will affect the selection of an instructional material for the teaching and learning of financial accounting 3.
The paper investigated the efficacy of the use of instructional materials on the academic performance of students in Mathematics. The study was a quasi- experimental research design that . Instructional materials utilization and students’ performance in practical agriculture E-mail: [email protected] Accepted 4th November, Abstract.
The study was conducted to determine the effects of instructional material utilization on the performance of materials on students’ academic achievement in history.