Modernism[ edit ] Modern theorists were focused on achieving progress and believed in the existence of natural and social laws which could be used universally to develop knowledge and thus a better understanding of society. Structuralism has made an important contribution to our understanding of language and social systems. Postmodern theorists shifted away from truth seeking and instead sought answers for how truths are produced and sustained.
A study investigated the intonational patterns used by women and men at the ends of utterances for the purpose of managing discourse. The research sought to describe how intonation helps to signal that a speaker is through speaking and desires a response or reaction from the listener, or that the speaker is not through with a turn and wishes to keep the floor.
The model incorporates the concepts of both discourse intonation and turn-taking. Data were drawn from the relatively formal natural speech in panel discussions taped from German television.
Analysis does not substantiate the claim that women use more rising intonation than men, and suggests that the discourse context of utterances is of utmost importance in analyzing intonational features, regardless of the speaker's gender.
No instances of inappropriate rising question intonation were found, but the use of less low-falling terminal intonation by women than men supports the theory of gender-different strategies for speech action.
Further cross-cultural research on intonation patterns, especially from the perceptual perspective, and on pitch range and dynamism are recommended. Reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.
Discourse analysis Discourse analysis is an umbrella term for a range of methodological approaches that analyse the use and functions of talk and text within social interaction. These approaches are used across social science disciplines such as psychology, sociology, linguistics, anthropology and communication studies. Discourse analysis requires that the transcription of these record- ings includes not only the content but also the sound of the talk. Its incorporation of features such as voice pitch, vocal emphasis. For discourse analysts, the notion of context is a key factor that differentiates approaches to data analysis. While most approaches involve a micro-level analysis of stretches of text or talk, it is the “breadth of contexts in which utterances are considered” (Gordon, , p. .
Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.In semantics and discourse analysis: Discourse is a conceptual generalization of conversation within each modality and context of communication. The totality of codified language (vocabulary) used in a given field of intellectual enquiry and of social practice, such as legal discourse, medical discourse, religious discourse, et cetera.
`There is no doubt that conversation analysis (CA) is an impressive and valuable approach to studying discourse, and Wooffitt does an excellent job of demonstrating its analytical sophistication and rigour' - European Journal of Communication `This is an excellent book: clear, engaging and authoritative.
Discourse analysis is sometimes defined as the analysis of language 'beyond the sentence'. This contrasts with types of analysis more typical of modern linguistics, which are chiefly concerned with the study of grammar: the study of smaller bits of language, such as sounds (phonetics and phonology), parts of words (morphology), meaning (semantics), and the order of words in sentences (syntax).
Try out personalized alert features; Related Publications. Journal of Pragmatics; Recent Discourse, Context & Media Articles. Recently published articles from Discourse, Context & Media. Facework by global brands across Twitter and Weibo Multimodal analysis of the nationalist discourse and historical inspirations of the spectacle of the.
Discourse is modern forum software for your community. Use it as a mailing list, discussion forum, long-form chat room, and more! Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.
The objects of discourse analysis (discourse, writing, conversation, communicative event) are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of sentences, propositions, speech, or turns-at-talk.