The action begins in the home of Reverend Parris, whose daughter Betty lies unconscious and appears very ill. Around midnight the night before, Parris had discovered Betty, his niece Abigail, and Tituba, his black slave, dancing in the woods, causing Betty to swoon. Putnam arrive and reveal that their daughter Ruth is also ill.
Synopsis Act One The opening narration explains the context of Salem and the Puritan colonists of Massachusettswhich Arthur miller the crucible narrator depicts as an isolated theocratic society in constant conflict with Native Americans. The narrator speculates that the lack of civil liberties, isolation from civilization, and lack of stability in the colony caused latent internal tensions which would contribute to the events depicted in the play.
His ten-year-old daughter, Betty Parrislies motionless. The previous evening, Reverend Parris discovered Betty, some other girls, and his Barbadian slaveTitubaengaged in some sort of pagan ritual in the forest. The village is rife with rumors of witchcraft and a crowd gathers outside Rev.
Parris becomes concerned that the event will cause him to be removed from his position as the town's reverend. He questions the girls' apparent ringleader, his niece Abigail Williamswhom Parris has been forced to adopt after her parents were brutally killed in the Pequot War. Abigail denies they were engaged in witchcraft, claiming that they had been dancing.
Afterwards, the wealthy and influential Thomas Putnam and his wife, Ann arrive. At the Putnams' urgence, Parris reluctantly reveals that he has invited Reverend John Halean expert in witchcraft and demonology, to investigate and leaves to address the crowd. The other girls involved in the incident join Abigail and a briefly roused Betty, who attempts to jump out of the window.
Abigail coerces and threatens the others to "stick to their story" of merely dancing in the woods. The other girls are frightened of the truth being revealed in actuality, they tried to conjure a curse against Elizabeth Proctor and being labelled witches, so they go along with Abigail.
Betty then faints back into unconsciousness. John Proctora local farmer and husband of Elizabeth, enters. He sends the other girls out including Mary Warrenhis family's maid and confronts Abigail, who tells him that she and the girls were not performing witchcraft.
It is revealed that Abigail once worked as a servant for the Proctors, and that she and John had an affair, for which she was fired. Abigail still harbors feelings for John and believes he does as well, but John says he does not.
Abigail angrily mocks John for denying his true feelings for her. As they argue, Betty bolts upright and begins screaming. Parris runs back into the bedroom and various villagers arrive: The villagers, who had not heard the argument, assume that the singing of a psalm by the villagers in a room below had caused Betty's screaming.
Tensions between them soon emerge. Putnam is a bereaved parent seven times over; she blames witchcraft for her losses and Betty's ailment. Rebecca is rational and suggests a doctor be called instead.When Arthur Miller published The Crucible in the early s, he simply outdid the historians at their own game" (22).
This lesson plan's goal is to examine the ways in which Miller interpreted the facts of the witch trials and successfully dramatized them.
The Crucible Arthur Miller. A NOTE ON THE HISTORICAL ACCURACY OF THIS PLAY This play is not history in the sense in which the word is used by the academic historian. Dramatic purposes have sometimes required many characters to be fused into. Arthur Miller is considered one of the greatest American playwrights of the 20th century.
His best known plays include 'All My Sons,' 'A View from the Bridge,' 'The Crucible' and the Pulitzer Born: Oct 17, One of Arthur Miller’s most popular plays and a central work in the canon of American theatre, The Crucible dramatizes the Salem witch trials of lateth Century Massachusetts.
In a community undergoing great change—where some feel as if they are losing control—hatreds are expressed, the vulnerable are scapegoated, hysteria takes hold.
The almost impossible-to-believe events of the witch hunts and superstitious mentality of that age are well-portrayed in this story created by Arthur Miller, and are based on well-documented, established historical facts/5().
A summary of Symbols in Arthur Miller's The Crucible. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Crucible and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.